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Cumae (Ancient Greek: Κύμη (Kumē) or Κύμαι (Kumai) or Κύμα (Kuma); Italian: Cuma) was an ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Campania, Italy. Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy and the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl. It was the Cumaean alphabet that was adopted in Italy, first adopted and modified by the Etruscans (800–100 BC) and then by the Romans (300–100 BC), thus becoming the Latin alphabet, the world's most widely used phonemic script. The Cumaean alphabet was also used throughout the Greek island of Euboea. The archaeological site of the city lies near the modern town of Cuma, a frazione of the comune Bacoli.

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