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Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 (Horse Creek Treaty)

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Scotts Bluff National Monument Nebraska

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The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 (Horse Creek Treaty) was signed on September 17, 1851. Signing on behalf of the United States were David D. Mitchell and Thomas Fitzpatrick, both appointed and authorized by the President of the United States. Signing for the Indian nations were 21 chiefs, including: White Antelope (Cheyenne), Little Owl (Arapaho), Big Robber (Crow) and Conquering Bear (Sioux). Chiefs from the Assiniboin, Mandan, Gros Ventre and Arikara also signed. The Shoshone traveled over 400 miles but were not asked to sign because they were not from the Plains.

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