1835-39 Samuel L. Clemens born on 30 November 1835 in the village of Florida, Missouri.
1839-53 Sam grows up, leading a Tom Sawyer life, in the Mississippi River town of Hannibal, MO. Spends some of the summers at the Quarles family farm near Florida.
1853-55 Sometime in the first two weeks of June 1853, Samuel L. Clemens (aged seventeen) left his home and family in Hannibal. Visits St. Louis, Philadelphia, New York, and Washington. Spring of 1854 in Muscatine, Iowa.
1855-57 Sam works at typesetting in St. Louis, Keokuk and finally in Cincinnati. 28 February 1857 he departs Cincinnati for New Orleans aboard the Paul Jones.
1857-59 Becomes cub pilot on a Mississippi River steamboat, earning license in April 1859.
April 1859 - May 1861 Sam Clemens is a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River.
July 1861 Leaves with his brother for Nevada Territory.
Thursday July 18, 1861: Sam and Orion depart St. Louis on the Sioux City for St. Joseph, Missouri:
July 27. Crossed the Nebraska line about 180 miles from St. Joseph. Here we saw the first Jack Rabbit.
July 28. Fort Kearney
Tuesday, July 30. Arrived at the “Crossing” of the South Platte, alias “Overland City,” alias “Julesburg,” at 11 A. M., 470 miles from St. Joseph. Saw to-day first Cactus. 1:20 P. M. across the South Platte.
Thursday, Aug. 1. Found ourselves this morning in the “Black Hills,” with “Laramie Peak,” looming up in large proportions. This peak is 60 miles from Fort Laramie, which we passed in the night. We took breakfast at “Horseshoe” station, forty miles from Fort Laramie, and 676 miles from St. Joseph.
"We had now reached a hostile Indian country, and during the afternoon we passed Laparelle Station, and enjoyed great discomfort all the time we were in the neighborhood, being aware that many of the trees we dashed by at arm’s length concealed a lurking Indian or two.
Friday, Aug. 2.—3 o’clock, A. M., passed over North Platte bridge, 760 miles from St. Joseph. 2 P. M., reached “Sweet water” creek, “Independence Rock,” the “Devil’s Gap,” the “Cold Spring,” an ice water spring, issuing near one of the Stations,
During the afternoon we passed Sweetwater Creek, Independence Rock, Devil’s Gate and the Devil’s Gap. The latter were wild specimens of rugged scenery, and full of interest—we were in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, now. And we also passed by “Alkali” or “Soda Lake,” and we woke up to the fact that our journey had stretched a long way across the world
Saturday, Aug. 3. Breakfast at Rock Ridge Station, 24 miles from “Cold Spring,” and 871 miles from St. Joseph. A mile further on is “South Pass City” consisting of four log cabins, one of which is the post office, and one unfinished.
Two miles beyond South Pass City we saw for the first time that mysterious marvel which all Western untraveled boys have heard of and fully believe in, but are sure to be astounded at when they see it with their own eyes, nevertheless—banks of snow in dead summer time. We were now far up toward the sky, and knew all the time that we must presently encounter lofty summits clad in the “eternal snow” which was so common place a matter of mention in books, and yet when I did see it glittering in the sun on stately domes in the distance and knew the month was August and that my coat was hanging up because it was too warm to wear it, I was full as much amazed as if I never had heard of snow in August before. Truly, “seeing is believing”—and many a man lives a long life through, thinking he believes certain universally received and well established things, and yet never suspects that if he were confronted by those things once, he would discover that he did not really believe them before, but only thought he believed them.
At the Green river station we had breakfast—hot biscuits, fresh antelope steaks, and coffee—the only decent meal we tasted between the United States and Great Salt Lake City, and the only one we were ever really thankful for. Think of the monotonous execrableness of the thirty that went before it, to leave this one simple breakfast looming up in my memory like a shot-tower after all these years have gone by!
Sunday, Aug. 4.—Crossed Green River. It is something like the Illinois, except that it is a very pretty clear river. The place we crossed was about 70 miles from the summit of the South Pass. Uinta mountains in sight, with snow on them, and portions of their summits hidden by the clouds. About 5 P. M arrived at Fort Bridger, on Black’s Fork of Green river, 52 miles from the crossing of Green river, about 120 miles from the South Pass, and 1025 miles from St. Joseph.
Monday, Aug. 5.—52 miles further on, near the head of Echo Canon, were encamped 60 soldiers from Camp Floyd. Yesterday they fired upon 300 or 400 Utes, whom they supposed gathered for no good purpose. The Indians returned the fire, when the soldiers chased them four miles, took four prisoners, talked with and released them, and then talked with their chief. Echo Canon is 20 miles long, with many sandstone cliffs, (red) in curious shapes, and often rising perpendicularly 400 feet.
4 P. M., arrived on the summit of “Big mountain,” 15 miles from Salt Lake City, when the most gorgeous view of mountain peaks yet encountered, burst on our sight.
Arrived at Salt Lake City at dark, and put up at the Salt Lake House,.
Wednesday, August 7. Depart Salt Lake City early morning.
August 1861 - August 1862 In Washoe
1862-65 Reporter on Virginia City (Nev.) Territorial Enterprise and San Francisco Morning Call. Spends nearly three months living and prospecting in the Jackass Hill (Calif.) area.
December 15, 1866 Departs San Francisco aboard the Opposition Line steamer America. Crosses the Isthmus. Arrives in New York, aboard the San Francisco,
January 12, 1867-March 3, 1867 Staying at the Metropolitan Hotel in New York City. Departs for St. Louis on a 52 hour ride aboard the New Jersey Central.
March 25 - April 9, 1867 Midwest Tour of Sandwich Islands lecture. He actually departed New York on March 3 for St, Louis.
1867 First collection of stories, The Celebrated Jumping Frog, published.
June 8, 1867 - November 19, 1867 Travels to Europe and the Holy Land as correspondent for San Francisco Alta California.
Briefly serves as secretary to Senator William Stewart of Nevada in Washington.
March 11 - April 2, 1868: From New York to San Francisco. Departed New York, March 11 on board the Henry Chauncy.
April 17 - 29, 1868 Pilgrim Life Tour
July 10 - July 29, 1868: Return to New York. Departed San Francisco aboard the Montana. July 11 at 12:30 am, Cabo San Lucas. Twain arrived in New York July 29, 1868.
November 17,1868 - March 3, 1869 American Vandal Abroad Tour
1869 Engaged to Olivia Langdon. The Innocents Abroad published. Buys partnership in the Buffalo Express.
November 1869 - January 1870 Our Fellow Savages tour.
1870-71 Marries Olivia Langdon and settles in Buffalo. Sells Buffalo Express interest and moves to Hartford, Conn.
October 1871- February 1872 The Three Speeches Tour of 1871-72
1872-74 Roughing It published (1872). First child, Langdon, dies. The Gilded Age, written with Charles Dudley Warner, published (1873). Makes three visits to England, the second with his wife and baby daughter, Susy. Second daughter, Clara, born.
1876 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer published. Begins work on Huckleberry Finn.
1878-80 Travels in Europe with his family, 1878-79. A Tramp Abroad published (1880). Third daughter, Jean, born.
1881 The Prince and the Pauper published. SLC begins investing in the Paige typesetter.
1882-83 Revisits Hannibal and the Mississippi River. Life on the Mississippi published (1883).
1884 The Twain-Cable Tour
1885 Adventures of Huckleberry Finn published by SLC's own publishing company, Charles L. Webster & Co.
1889 A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court published.
1891-94 To ease troubled financial situation caused by Webster & Company expenses and typesetter investment, the Clemenses close the Hartford house and relocate to Europe, making extended stays in Switzerland, Germany, France, and Italy. Webster & Company declares bankruptcy in April 1894. Pudd'nhead Wilson published (1894).
1895-96 In order to pay debts, SLC embarks on round-the-world lecture tour that includes crossing North America and visits to Australia, India, and South Africa. Daughter Susy dies in 1896, devastating parents. Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc published (1896).
1897-1900 Following the Equator published (1897). SLC travels in Europe with family; makes extended stays in Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, England. Returns to America in October 1900.
1901-2 Family summers at Lake Saranac in the Adirondacks (1901). SLC goes on cruises aboard his friend Henry H. Rogers's yacht Kanawha, to Nova Scotia and to the Caribbean. Last visit to Hannibal, Missouri (1902).
1903-4 Because of Olivia Clemens's failing health, family relocates to Italy; Olivia dies there in 1904.
1906 Now living in New York City, SLC begins final, concentrated work on his autobiography. What Is Man? published anonymously.
1907 SLC travels to England to receive honorary degree from Oxford.
1908 In June, SLC moves into his final home, called "Stormfield," near Redding, Conn.
1909 Daughter Jean dies at Stormfield in December.
1910 Samuel Langhorne Clemens dies at Stormfield on 21 April.