Samuel L. Clemens, aka Mark Twain, departed from the "States" in 1861, funding his brother's move to Nevada Territory. His five year adventure is here divided up into four sections, or "Lessons": His journey west, a steamboat ride up the Missouri River, and a stagecoach journey from St. Joseph, Missouri to Carson City in the Nevada Territory. Included in this section are the observations of Richard Francis Burton, a famed British Explorer, who made detailed observations of all the stage coach stations along the Overland Trail. The second section, or "Lesson" consists of descriptions of locations visited by Twain while living in "Washoe". This encompasses his time as secretary to his brother, Orion, his experiments in mining and his becoming a newspaper man. The third section includes his time as a reporter both in Nevada Territory and his move to San Francisco. It concludes with the Great San Francisco Earthquake and Twain's escape to the nearly abandoned gold fields of the Sierra Nevadas. This is where he heard the tale of the jumping frog and where his national fame was sparked. The fourth section, or "Lesson", follows Twain to the Sandwich Islands and the source of the material used in his first tour as a public speaker. He finally departs "The West" and returns to New York and quickly takes on a new adventure in Europe and the Holy Land. It should be noted that throughout Roughing It Twain makes derogatory comments regarding American Indians. This is in marked contrast to his well known stance against racism in general.