Submitted by scott on Tue, 09/27/2016 - 15:31

Estimated Route

Wednesday, Aug. 7, 1861. Bathed in the warm spring. Mountains in the morning, Southwest and East enveloped in clouds. [Clemens]

Thursday, Aug. 8.—Arrived at Fort Crittenden—(Camp Floyd) 8 A.M., 45 miles from Salt Lake City.

Burton departs Salt Lake City September 20, 1860:  1. Road through the south of the city, due south along the right bank of the Jordan. Cross many creeks. 2. viz Kanyon Creek 4 1/2 miles; Mill Creek 2 1/2; First or Great Cottonwood Creek 2; Second ditto 4 ;Fork of road 1 1/2; Dry Creek 3 1/2; Willow Creek 2 After 22-23 miles, hot and cold springs, and half way house, the brewery under the point of the mountain (Joe's Dugout Station). Road across Ash Hollow or Jordan Kanyon 2 miles.Fords river, knee deep, ascends a rough divide between Utah Valley and Cedar Valley 10 miles from camp, and finally reaches Cedar Creek and Camp Floyd.

The accustomed coach life began again, now, and by midnight it almost seemed as if we never had been out of our snuggery among the mail sacks at all. We had made one alteration, however. We had provided enough bread, boiled ham and hard boiled eggs to last double the six hundred miles of staging we had still to do.

And it was comfort in those succeeding days to sit up and contemplate the majestic panorama of mountains and valleys spread out below us and eat ham and hard boiled eggs while our spiritual natures revelled alternately in rainbows, thunderstorms, and peerless sunsets. Nothing helps scenery like ham and eggs. Ham and eggs, and after these a pipe—an old, rank, delicious pipe—ham and eggs and scenery, a “down grade,” a flying coach, a fragrant pipe and a contented heart—these make happiness. It is what all the ages have struggled for. (Roughing It)

"At eight in the morning we reached the remnant and ruin of what had been the important military station of “Camp Floyd,” some forty-five or fifty miles from Salt Lake City.

After Secretary of War Floyd resigned on Dec. 29, 1860 (becoming a Confederate), Camp Floyd was renamed Fort Crittenden, after Kentucky's Senator John J Crittenden, who worked to prevent Kentucky's secession from the Union. Camp Floyd/Crittenden was abandoned in July 1861 with the military being called east for the American Civil War. Equipment and buildings were sold, destroyed or transported. All that remain today are the military cemetery and one commissary building. Two months after the army's departure, only 18 families remained in Fairfield.


I left Great Salt Lake a good deal confused as to what state of things existed there—and sometimes even questioning in my own mind whether a state of things existed there at all or not. But presently I remembered with a lightening sense of relief that we had learned two or three trivial things there which we could be certain of; and so the two days were not wholly lost. For instance, we had learned that we were at last in a pioneer land, in absolute and tangible reality.

3 Leaves Camp Floyd 7 miles to the divide of Cedar Valley. Crosses the divide into Rush Valley; after a total of 18.2 miles reaches Meadow Creek, good grass and water Rush Valley mail station 1 mile beyond food and accommodation.
4. Crosses remains of Rush Valley; 7 miles. Up a rough divide called General Johnston's Pass. Spring often dry 200 yards on the right of the road. At Point Look out leaves Simpson's Road, which runs south Cross Skull Valley; bad road To the bench on the eastern flank of the desert Station called Egan's Springs,Simpson's Springs, or Lost Springs; grass plentiful water good.
5. New station road forks to SE and leads after 5 miles to grass and water. After 8 miles river bottom 1 mile broad. Long line over desert to express station called Dugway no grass and no water.
6 Steep road 2i miles to the summit of Dugway Pass Descend by a rough incline 8 miles beyond the road forks to Devil's Hole 90 miles from Camp Floyd, on Simpson's route, and 6 miles S of Fish Springs. Eight miles beyond the fork is Mountain Point road winds S and W and then N to avoid swamp and crosses 3 sloughs. Beyond the last is Fish Spring Station on the bench a poor place water plentiful but bad Cattle here drink for the first time after Lost Springs distant 48 miles.
7. Road passes many pools. Halfway forks S to Pleasant Valley (Simpson's line). Road again rounds the swamp crossing S end of Salt Plain. After 21 miles, "Willow Creek", water rather brackish. Station "Willow Springs" on the bench below the hills at W end of desert; grass and hay plentiful.
8. Road ascending the bench turns N to find the pass After 6 miles, Mountain Springs; good water,grass and fuel. Six miles beyond is Deep Creek Kanyon, a dangerous ravine 9 miles long. Then descends into a fertile and well watered valley and after 7 miles enters Deep Creek mail station. Indian farm.


Twain, Mark. 1872. Roughing It. American Publishing Company.
Burton, Richard. 1861. The City Of The Saints. London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts.