Auckland (/ˈɔːklənd/ awk-lənd), in the North Island of New Zealand, is the most populous urban area in the country. Auckland has a population of 1,495,000, which constitutes 32 percent of New Zealand's population. It is part of the wider Auckland Region—the area governed by the Auckland Council—which also includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,614,300. Auckland also has the largest Polynesian population of any city in the world. The Māori language name for Auckland is Tāmaki, or longer versions such as Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki of a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions. It has also been called Ākarana, the Māori transliteration of the word Auckland.
The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled around 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. Māori population in the area is estimated to have peaked at 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. After a British colony was established in 1840, the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, chose the area as his new capital. He named the area "Auckland" for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, British First Lord of the Admiralty. It was replaced as the capital in 1865, but immigration to the new city stayed strong and it has remained the country's most populous urban area. Today, Auckland's Central Business District is the major financial centre of New Zealand.